Mongolia’s national debt is nearly 80% of its GDP Read more
The Mongolian currency (tugrik) has weakened nearly 40% against the US Dollar since 2013  https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2015/cr15109.pdf retrieved 7 September 2018
Mongolia experiences 17.3% GDP growth, making it the economically fastest growing country in the world. Read more
Mongolia experiences a mining boom. Global copper prices peak. The copper prices reach USD 4.50/lb in April 2011. In January 2009 this was still USD 1.5/lb. See this chart: http://www.infomine.com/investment/metal-prices/copper/10-year/ https://www.nasdaq.com/market-activity/commodities/hg%3Acmx retrieved 7 September 2018
The impact of the global financial crisis on the Mongolian economy, weakening not only the Mongolian economy but also Mongolian negotiating power, forces the government back to the negotiating table.
The 2008 financial crisis hits Mongolia as food prices go up and copper prices go down.
Inflation is 325.5%